在一篇由6月號哈佛商業評論(Harvard Business Review)所刊登的構想觀察,
“女性讓團隊變聰明？“中,卡內基美隆大學和MIT的研究者Anita Woolley及Thomas Malone,
(以下內容引述自What Makes a Team Smarter? More Women)
…..gave subjects aged 18 to 60 standard intelligence tests and assigned them randomly to teams.
Each team was asked to complete several tasks—including brainstorming, decision making,
and visual puzzles—and to solve one complex problem.
Teams were given intelligence scores based on their performance.
Though the teams that had members with higher IQs didn’t earn much higher scores,
those that had more women did…..
…..Many of the factors you might think would be predictive of group performance were not.
Things like group satisfaction, group cohesion, group motivation—
none were correlated with collective intelligence.
And, of course, individual intelligence wasn’t highly correlated, either…..
…..It’s a preliminary finding—and not a conventional one.
The standard argument is that diversity is good and you should have both men and women in a group.
But so far, the data show, the more women, the better…..
…..We have early evidence that performance may flatten out at the extreme end—
that there should be a little gender diversity rather than all women…..
…..It’s not that I don’t trust the data. I do.
It’s just that part of that finding can be explained by differences in social sensitivity,
which we found is also important to group performance.
Many studies have shown that women tend to score higher on tests of social sensitivity than men do.
So what is really important is to have people who are high in social sensitivity,
whether they are men or women…..