諸君 私は戦争が大好きだ(紳士的意味)

在社會心理學的研究中,曾發現武器的出現本身就是個能觸發攻擊行為的情境線索,
此種因呈現武器而增加攻擊之傾向被稱為”武器效應(weapons effect)”;
研究者亦發現,除了被普遍定義為”武器”的物品,像是槍枝刀械外,
任何與”成功的攻擊”或”痛苦、不愉快的情感”有關的物件、外在特徵,
其實均可做為助長攻擊的情境線索(Berkowitz,1993, 1998).
但對男人來說,可能影響行為的東西可能還要再多加個一項了─那就是漂亮女人的相片.

從8月份科學人雜誌(Scientific American)看到的報導,
香港中文大學的研究者Lei Chang發現,男性在看了美麗臉孔的相片後,
對戰爭持讚同態度的人數,顯著的高於看不吸引人照片的組別;
相反的,女性則不論是否看了帥哥照片,對戰爭的關點都不會受到影響!

(以下內容引述自Beauty and the Beasts: The Sight of a Pretty Woman Can Make Men Crave War)
…..
…..With colleagues there and at China’s Hebei University, Chang wondered wheth­er
military weaponry and parapherna­lia hold the same seductive value as antlers,
horns and risky behavior, allowing warriors to best nonwarriors in the competition for mates.
The researchers also speculated about war itself. When raping and pillaging,
armies resemble chimps on intergroup sex raids. Might warfare actually be driven by the opportunity
it offers males to impregnate females, willing and not willing
…..
…..To begin to address such questions, Chang showed men pictures of women and tested
for statistically significant effects of those pictures on men’s attitudes about war
and on their cognitive processes related to war. As he and his colleagues describe
in the online March 23 Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin,
they asked the men to rate their agreement with war-supporting statements.
Men’s responses demonstrated a positive, significant statistical correlation between
seeing photographs of attractive faces and endorsing war-supporting statements.
This correlation was not demonstrated for photographs of unattractive women’s faces,
and the researchers found no statistically significant effect on women of pictures of either attractive
or unattractive men in any measure related to war
…..
…..Chang and his colleagues suggest that any warring-mating relation in men is probably
an  evolutionary holdover from pre–Homo sapiens days,
which explains why raping and pillaging are, unfortunately, alive and well
…..
…..

“男性好戰與求偶間的行為關聯”雖然聽起來是個很合理的解釋,
不過個人反倒比較驚訝”女性不受帥哥照片影響”這個結果呢,畢竟…..
11-010.jpg 
這種戰爭明明就是存在的啊!? (爆

迴響: 0 則迴響

文章分類:科技&研究

標籤:

發表迴響

這個網站採用 Akismet 服務減少垃圾留言。進一步瞭解 Akismet 如何處理網站訪客的留言資料